Inclusive classrooms promote a warm and welcoming environment for students, acting as a “home away from home.” An inclusive classroom can also help students develop safe friendships and look forward to their time in school. Discover several methods for creating this type of classroom below.
What are inclusive learning environments?
An inclusive learning environment is respectful, welcoming, and designed to support all students, no matter their needs. To provide such environments, educators should supply students with equal opportunities and access.
While inclusive classrooms directly benefit students who need additional learning support, all students can benefit from this learning setting. Students who feel comfortable, and respected in their classrooms will perform better. Providing a safe environment for students to have difficult conversations helps to facilitate learning and build unity and leads to acceptance and healing.
Disability-inclusive learning environments
Disability-inclusive learning environments refer to educational settings that accommodate the diverse needs of students with disabilities. This includes physical accessibility, assistive technology, alternative teaching strategies, and supportive resources.
The goal of disability-inclusive learning is to ensure that all students, regardless of ability, have equal opportunities to participate and succeed in education. By promoting an inclusive learning environment, students with disabilities can feel valued and empowered, and their unique perspectives can contribute to a more diverse and enriching educational experience.
Accessible classroom design and technology
Accessible classroom design is the creation of learning environments that are inclusive and accommodating to all students, regardless of their physical, sensory, or cognitive abilities. Teachers and schools can design classrooms, furniture, and equipment that are easily navigable, comfortable, and promote engagement and interaction among students.
Accessible technology involves using software, hardware, and assistive devices that enable students with disabilities to fully participate in classroom activities and access educational content. Technology may include:
- Text-to-speech software.
- Screen readers.
- Closed captioning.
Ultimately, accessible classroom design and technology promote equity and diversity in the classroom, leading to better educational outcomes for all students.
Gender identity and expression in the classroom
Gender identity and expression refer to a person’s internal sense of their gender and how they choose to express it to the world. In the classroom, it is important to create a safe and inclusive environment where students feel comfortable expressing their gender identity without fear of discrimination or harassment.
Using gender-inclusive language, such as using “they/them” pronouns, allowing students to use the restroom thats align with their gender identity, and avoiding assumptions about a student’s gender based on their physical appearance are ways for teachers and faculty to promote healthy gender expression. Educators can educate themselves on gender diversity and seek out resources to better support their students’ individual identities if specific situations or issues arise.
Culturally responsive teaching strategies
Culturally responsive teaching strategies are approaches used by educators to support and empower students from diverse cultural backgrounds. These strategies are designed to create a learning environment that acknowledges and respects the unique cultural experiences and perspectives of each student, while promoting academic success.
Some examples of culturally responsive teaching strategies include:
- Incorporating culturally relevant materials into the curriculum.
- Using diverse teaching methods and styles.
- Fostering relationships with families and communities.
- Promoting equity and inclusion in the classroom.
With these strategies, schools can create a welcoming and inclusive classroom culture that supports the academic and personal growth of their diverse student base.
How to establish inclusive learning environments
Teachers set the tone for their classrooms. Therefore, if an educator makes it clear their classroom is meant to be a welcoming and respectful place, ideally their students will adapt accordingly. Set up clear rules for your students so behavior such as bullying will not be tolerated. Some examples of these rules include:
- Everyone has the right to feel safe, respected, and welcomed.
- Hateful/foul/mean language will not be tolerated.
- Acts of aggression or violence are not allowed.
- Everyone must respect the property of others.
- Everyone has the right to express their feelings and thoughts.
Make sure any rules you create for your classroom are concise, easily understood, and displayed in a common area with high visibility. When students break one of these rules, enforce them with straightforward, appropriate, and consistent consequences.
Design an accessible space
When designing your classroom, make sure it is accessible for those of varying backgrounds and abilities. Take into consideration wheelchair accessibility, those with vision or hearing loss, children with ADHD, various religious customs, and more.
Strategies teachers can use to make their classrooms more accessible to students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and dyslexia, for example, include:
- Display timetables. Children with ASD and dyslexia may struggle with organization, so displaying a timetable will help to make their day more predictable and calm any anxiety.
- Show key information. When teaching, display the main points like key facts and vocabulary.
- Use dyslexia-friendly color combinations. When giving presentations in class, instead of using a harsh black-on-white text color scheme, utilize a blue-grey with black text or light blue with black text.
- Use OpenDyslexic Chrome. This Google Chrome extension changes the default font settings on all web pages to make them more readable.
- Let children choose how to demonstrate what they’ve learned in class. Every child learns and processes knowledge differently. Allowing them to choose their own methods for demonstrating what they’ve learned can alleviate stress and help students express themselves in a healthy way.
These are just a few examples of how inclusive learning environments support accessibility for all.
Adapt your curriculum
When creating your curriculum, ensure your lessons adhere to the principles of the Universal Design for Learning (UDL), a resource that guides teachers on how to incorporate accommodations and tools into their curriculums for students with different learning styles.
An inclusive and diverse curriculum can boost the self-esteem and confidence of students from underrepresented communities. If a curriculum makes a student feel supported, they’re able to better participate in the classroom community, leading to higher levels of understanding, empathy, and cooperation. Data shows students who are exposed to diverse curriculums will have less racial prejudice as future members of society.
If you are looking for more information, referrals, and additional resources on how to turn your classroom into an inclusive learning environment, call the Wellspring Center For Prevention offices at 732-254-3344.
Schools: Interested in learning about our prevention education programs? Visit this page for more information.
Photo by RODNAE Productions