Information & Referral

If you have come to our site seeking information, guidance, or referral services for yourself or another person, you have come to the right place. Wellspring is here to provide education and support to those who need assistance confronting the disease of alcoholism and drug dependence.

Information & Referral

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Treatment Referrals
Suffering from an addiction problem? We can help you find a treatment facility. You can either browse through our local Treatment Directory, allow us to make suggested referrals by using our self-administered Screening Tool, or if you prefer speaking with one of our professionals, call our confidential Referral Helpline. We are available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. You can also contact us via email at mail@wellspringprevention.org. While not intended to diagnose a substance abuse problem, each of these options will help narrow your search for a program that best meets your needs. Note that the options provided do not represent an exhaustive list of all available programs or constitute an endorsement of particular programs. However, these are programs we have worked with and have consistently received positive feedback from those who have accessed their services. If you live outside of Middlesex County New Jersey, you can get help now by calling the New Jersey Addiction Services Hotline anytime at 844-276-2777. You can also access the New Jersey Mental Health Cares Information and Referral Helpline at 1-866-202-HELP (4357).
If you live outside of New Jersey, reach out to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence at www.ncadd.org or 212-269-7797 to find your nearest local resources.
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Jason Surks Memorial Resource Center
The Jason Surks Memorial Prevention Resource Center at Wellspring serves as a clearinghouse for free information about alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. Explore our vast collection of online information and helpful links, or visit us at our East Brunswick, NJ location to access free pamphlets, posters and DVD lending library.
More than just a physical and web-based library, our Resource Center is people. If you need assistance planning an educational program, need information for a health fair, or would like to contract with our staff to provide presentations in your community, please call us at 732-254-3344 or send us an email request at info@wellspringprevention.org.

Alcohol and Bodily Harm to Women

image Popular belief does not expect women to "hold their liquor" as well as men, and this is one of those instances when science agrees with popular belief. If a man and a woman drink the same amount of alcohol, even if they are equal weight, the woman will have a higher concentration of alcohol in her blood. That's because a greater proportion of the man's body weight is water, which dilutes the alcohol; and also because the stomach walls of women compared to men contain less alcohol dehydrogenase, an enzyme that breaks down alcohol.

Therefore, repeatedly drinking the same quantity of alcohol is likely to damage a woman's organs—liver, heart muscle, brain—more quickly than a man's. (Alcohol Metabolism) Published dietary guidelines reflect these differences and, for example, define moderate drinking as up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men. (Dietary Guidelines)

 

Treatment centers have noticed that some patients with alcohol dependence, more often women, did not have issues with alcohol until after gastric bypass surgery for weight reduction. This likely relates to alcohol dehydrogenase because these operations greatly reduce stomach size and decrease the action of this enzyme on ingested alcohol. There is also less room in the stomach for food that would otherwise absorb alcohol and delay gastric emptying. Research subjects who have had gastric bypass have shown breath alcohol concentrations of 0.08 percent—enough to qualify as legally intoxicated—after only one standard drink! (Gastric Bypass) Various theories seek to explain how this increased sensitivity to alcohol and other effects of the surgery increase the risk of alcohol dependence. Some invoke the notion of "substitution" or "addiction transfer" where the person who can no longer obtain comfort from food takes comfort from alcohol and then becomes addicted to it. (Addiction)

With or without weight loss surgery, individuals who are prone to soothing themselves by eating—or any other potentially addictive behavior such as work, gambling, shopping, or sex—will be wise to seek comfort from positive interpersonal relationships rather than those behaviors, and to deal with their stories and feelings openly in individual or group therapy and 12-Step fellowship.

In the United States about 1 in 8 women develop breast cancer, resulting in nearly 40,000 deaths per year. Drinking one alcoholic drink per day raises a woman's risk of breast cancer 10 percent higher than that of women who do not drink. Researchers may have found the link between alcohol and breast cancer in a protein called CYP2E1, which is present in breast epithelial cells and, as it breaks down alcohol, creates highly reactive free radicals that may contribute to cancer by damaging cellular DNA. (Breast Cancer)

Women who have experienced bodily harm through sexual or other forms of physical abuse are at higher risk for alcohol dependence if they drink. Women who drink alcoholically—and to a lesser extent women who drink moderately—are at higher risk for bodily harm through violence especially with intimate partners, and through drowning and injuries from falls and motor vehicle crashes.

Women should not drink at all if they are alcohol dependent, under the age of 21, taking a medicine that is dangerous when combined with alcohol, pregnant, or trying to conceive. (Women and Alcohol--NCADD,  and Women and Alcohol--NIAAA)

The NCADD Addiction Medicine Update provides NCADD Affiliates and the public with authoritative information and commentary on specific medical and scientific topics pertaining to addiction and recovery.

Original Source https://ncadd.org/blogs/addiction-medicine/entry/alcohol-and-bodily-harm-to-women

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