Information & Referral

If you have come to our site seeking information, guidance, or referral services for yourself or another person, you have come to the right place. Wellspring is here to provide education and support to those who need assistance confronting the disease of alcoholism and drug dependence.

Information & Referral

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Treatment Referrals
Suffering from an addiction problem? We can help you find a treatment facility. You can either browse through our local Treatment Directory, allow us to make suggested referrals by using our self-administered Screening Tool, or if you prefer speaking with one of our professionals, call our confidential Referral Helpline. We are available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. You can also contact us via email at mail@wellspringprevention.org. While not intended to diagnose a substance abuse problem, each of these options will help narrow your search for a program that best meets your needs. Note that the options provided do not represent an exhaustive list of all available programs or constitute an endorsement of particular programs. However, these are programs we have worked with and have consistently received positive feedback from those who have accessed their services. If you live outside of Middlesex County New Jersey, you can get help now by calling the New Jersey Addiction Services Hotline anytime at 844-276-2777. You can also access the New Jersey Mental Health Cares Information and Referral Helpline at 1-866-202-HELP (4357).
If you live outside of New Jersey, reach out to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence at www.ncadd.org or 212-269-7797 to find your nearest local resources.
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Jason Surks Memorial Resource Center
The Jason Surks Memorial Prevention Resource Center at Wellspring serves as a clearinghouse for free information about alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. Explore our vast collection of online information and helpful links, or visit us at our East Brunswick, NJ location to access free pamphlets, posters and DVD lending library.
More than just a physical and web-based library, our Resource Center is people. If you need assistance planning an educational program, need information for a health fair, or would like to contract with our staff to provide presentations in your community, please call us at 732-254-3344 or send us an email request at info@wellspringprevention.org.

Too Many Painkillers?

image United States data for 2009 showed that more individuals died from unintentional drug overdoses (37,485) than from motor vehicle crashes (36,284). These casualties included individuals with histories of extensive drug use as well as drug-naïve experimenters, partly because overdoses are often "mixed," and anyone consuming a combination of sedating substances, such as alcohol plus medications originally prescribed for pain, sleep, or anxiety, can't predict their maximum effect or the timing of it. The rise in overdose deaths is linked to increases in availability and misuse of prescription opioid pain medications (such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, and methadone), which caused more overdose deaths than heroin and cocaine combined.

Prescription opioids became more available because societal expectations of physicians and other practitioners altered opioid prescribing patterns. In the past, medicines such as morphine were used sparingly, mostly for treatment of brief pain, like after major surgery. Opioids were also used to relieve pain at the end of life, especially pain from cancer. In the 1990s, however, society became aware of a vast number of people suffering physical, emotional, and occupational consequences from chronic pain—pain not due to cancer or terminal illness but caused by, for example, degenerative, neurologic, or inflammatory diseases. Opioid prescriptions increased, particularly after research showed that the risk of causing addiction was low when opioids were used to treat chronic non-malignant pain. But those research designs had to exclude any subjects with an existing addiction in order to see who might become addicted. Prescribers whose real-life practices exclude patients with addictive illnesses are rare to nonexistent! The message to opioid prescribers should have been: the risk of triggering addiction is low as long as you carefully establish your patient does not already have addiction or a strong risk for it.

Plus, in 1995, Purdue Fredrick (now Purdue Pharma) introduced OxyContin, a time-release formulation of oxycodone. The manufacturer promoted the new medicine to prescribers and consumers as a safe means for individuals with chronic pain to regain lost function. This increased the expectations on prescribers. OxyContin prescriptions became common, greatly adding to opioid availability.

Despite the increase in prescriptions for opioid pain medicines, a vast number of people still suffer with untreated chronic pain. Where, then, do all the pills go? Many are diverted to recreational or dependent drug users whose misuse of opioids is evidenced not only by the dramatic rise in overdose deaths but also by dramatic rises in emergency room visits related to opioid effects and in addiction treatment program admissions for opioid dependence. These costly problems emerged because the extensive availability of opioid pills coexists with a permissive attitude toward using them. Many citizens, especially youth, mistakenly believe it is cool and safe to consume these mood-changing controlled substances. No matter that they were prescribed for someone else.

Future installments of the NCADD Addiction Medicine Update will address a variety of topics including ways that individuals and communities can reduce the supply of prescription opioids and reduce the demand for their illicit use.

For more information, go to prescription drugs.  Detailed background on OxyContin can be found in the book by New York Times correspondent Barry Meier:  Pain KIller:  A "Wonder" Drug's Trail of Addiction and Death, New York, Rodale, Inc. 2003.

The NCADD Addiction Medicine Update provides NCADD Affiliates and the public with authoritative information and commentary on specific medical and scientific topics pertaining to addiction and recovery.

Original Source https://ncadd.org/blogs/addiction-medicine/entry/too-many-painkillers

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